Genital alopecia is a rare condition that affects less than 5% of the population. It is characterized by patchy or uniform hair loss in the pubic region. Though a definitive cause is unknown, there are several commonly recognized disorders related to genital alopecia.
Addison's Disease is a disorder that causes production of certain hormones (adrenal corticosteriods) to be insufficient. This hormonal imbalance has been known to contribute to genital alopecia. Another disorder that has been linked to the problem is Culler-Jones Syndrome, in which the pituitary gland is stunted. This affects hormone production and can lead to both hair loss and, in rare cases, an extra finger.
More severe conditions that may lead to genital baldness are Mosse syndrome, in which red blood cells are produced to excess, creating problems with the liver and bone marrow; and Sheehan Syndrome, a condition suffered only by women. This condition is characterized by uterine hemorrhaging, and can lead to severe health problems.
And finally, the two most harmless causes of genital alopecia are stress and menopause. During the end of fertility and menstruation, radical changes to the body may occur, and it's normal for a woman to lose some or all of her pubic hair. Women who are going through menopause should not be overly concerned with some level of hair loss.
Unfortunately, genital alopecia is not easily treated. Most of the conditions that lead to pubic baldness are permanent conditions, so their effects are largely irreversible. Genital alopecia mainly affects the elderly and the severely ill. However, when genital alopecia is caused by stress, then there is a good chance for recovery of hair follicles and regrowth. If this is determined to be the cause, it is best to seek assistance from a psychologist who can help determine the source of the stress, which can ultimately lead to a healthy recovery.
If you are experiencing unexplained hair loss in the genital region, talk to your doctor to eliminate the possibility of the conditions listed above. Some of the above conditions are serious and require immediate treatment.